Mandaluyong is host to a number of various public and private educational facilities that provide for the schooling needs of the city’s populace.
There are 27 private schools in the city which accommodate both local students and those coming from neighboring cities and municipalities as well as the nearby provinces. Prominent among the private schools are the La Salle Greenhills and two (2) universities, the Jose Rizal University and the Rizal Technological University, the latter being a semi-government institution (Map 47).
There are also a variety of computer schools which offer short-term as well as complete computer courses and college degrees. A number of vocational and technological schools offer curricular programs in trade and industry, home-making and business and commerce.
Public education facilities comprise 16 elementary schools, and with the addition of the Andres Bonifacio Integrated School which started operation in SY 2002-2003, there are now five (5) secondary schools which cater to Mandaluyong residents.
The spatial distribution of public schools (Map 48) reveals that the city is indeed sufficiently provided with public educational facilities.
School compounds are efficiently situated within walking distance of 0.5 km. to 1.0 km. from its respective service areas, free from hazardous crossroads and heavy traffic. Accessibility is made easier by the presence of motorized tricycles for hire.
There are, however, other factors (e.g. enrollment, school going-age population, and the actual number of classrooms and teachers, and others) that must be considered in order to assess efficiency of public education services in the city, such as:
Public elementary schools vary in sizes from a small 5-classroom school facility to as large as 86-classroom school facility (Table 5.01), giving an aggregate of 532 classrooms as of SY 2003-2004. The three largest schools are Mandaluyong Elementary School (86 classrooms), Eulogio Rodriguez Elementary School (68 classrooms), and Highway Hills Elementary School (59 classrooms), each one housing a district office of the Division of City Schools-Mandaluyong City.
In the secondary level, Mandaluyong High School (Main) has the largest facility with 55 classrooms, while the city’s Science High School is the smallest with only 28 classrooms. This gives an aggregate of 196 secondary classrooms for SY 2003-2004.
All in all, at the latest, student-classroom ratios reach an average of 1:50 and 1:67, respectively, for elementary and secondary levels (Table 5.02). Such high ratios indicate the need for more classrooms especially in the secondary level, which, at present, is being addressed by having morning and afternoon class-shifts with the latter even extending up to 8:00 o”clock to 9:00 o”clock in the evening.
However, there are a sufficient number of public school teachers, with teacher-student ratios averaging to 1:36 and 1:32 in the elementary and secondary levels, respectively, which are still above the standard ratio of 1 teacher for every 40 students.
Table 5.04 shows declining performances particularly the cohort-survival rates and completion rates. A considerable percentage of drop-outs for the elementary level is recorded raging from a low of 4.9 percent in SY 2000-2001 and leveling at 5.23 percent for the succeeding years. The secondary level registered a higher turn-out of drop-outs recorded at 7.76 percent, 9.26 percent and 8.78 percent respectively for the last three (3) school years. This may be attributed to the following reasons:
- Lack of financial capability to cover transportation expenses and cost of school supplies and other requirements
- Poor study habits due to lack of home supervision
- Lack of motivation
- Media influence
- Peer pressure
- Transfer of residence due to unavoidable circumstances
Enrollment in all levels continuously increased during the last three schools years with the year 2002-2003 (Table 5.05) having the highest registered number of students pegged at 41,679. There was considerable decrease of enrollment for the following school year (2003-2004) which registered 39,815 students only.
However, the recent NSO results (Table 5.06) yielded high level of overall literacy among residents. Overall literacy rate is pegged at 99 percent with exactly one percent belonging to the illiterate group.
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